Center for Assisted Reproduction

How Fertility Is Affected By Fallopian Tube Obstructions

By CARE Fertility on April 23, 2016

A woman's reproductive organsPregnancy and childbirth pose a number of challenges, which is why it's important to consider your options closely and make a decision with which you can be confident. At the Center for Assisted Reproduction, we have helped many people throughout Dallas make this crucial decision, offering fertility testing and infertility diagnosis as well as a whole host of assisted-reproduction services.

Many women who face infertility issues suffer from tubal obstructions. We'd like to explain what these are and then go over some potential treatments that can help women have children in spite of their infertility issue.

The Role of the Fallopian Tubes

Sometimes referred to as "uterine tubes," the fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus. It is the fallopian tubes that allow viable eggs to travel from the ovaries into the uterus, allowing them to be fertilized.

What Happens to Fertility When Fallopian Tubes Are Obstructed

When the fallopian tubes become blocked, obstructed, or severed in some fashion, eggs are unable to travel to the uterus for fertilization. It can be very difficult for a woman to become pregnant should this occur.

How Common Is Fallopian Tube Obstruction?

Fallopian tube obstruction is relatively common, at least in terms of female infertility. It's been estimated that one-quarter of female infertility cases are the result of a tube blockage or tube obstruction of some kind.

Causes of Fallopian Tube Obstruction

Some potential causes of fallopian tube obstruction include the following:

  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  • Pelvic infections
  • Abdominal infections (e.g., appendicitis, peritonitis)
  • Endometriosis

Tubal Ligation: Tube Obstruction as a Contraceptive Option

Some women who would prefer to avoid having children will undergo a surgery known as tubal ligation. This procedure involves the clamping, sealing, or severing of the fallopian tubes. Colloquially the procedure is known as having your tubes tied.

Treating Obstructed Fallopian Tubes

There are many options out there for treating fallopian tube obstructions. The ideal treatment is to address the root cause of the problem, which typically means surgery to help address blockages and tissue adhesions. Some options include fimbrioplasty, salpinostomy, resection surgery, and tubal reimplantation. These surgeries may be combined with medication that help reduce inflammation.

Tubal Ligation Reversal Surgery

If a woman has undergone tubal ligation, there is the possibility of reversing the procedure and restoring the woman's ability to have a child. The success of this reversal surgery will typically depend on the nature of the initial procedure as well as how long ago the tubal ligation was performed.

A Fertility Specialist Can Help

Sometimes fertility procedures are the best option to deal with various kinds of fallopian tube issues. This includes in vitro fertilization (IVF) in which an egg is fertilized in a lab setting. Special techniques may be necessary to extract viable eggs from a woman's ovaries given the obstruction of the fallopian tubes. This can be discussed when you visit our practice for a consultation.

Contact the Center for Assisted Reproduction

To learn more about treating different kinds of infertility, be sure to contact our team of fertility specialists today. The team at the Center for Assisted Reproduction will work closely with you to ensure the best possible treatment results.

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